The American Veterinary Medical Association says:
“Elective Spay or Neuter are vital components to address the pet overpopulation. It reduces undesirable mating behaviors that may contribute to abandoned pets surrendered to animal shelters.
Several benefits follow your dog’s spay or neuter and unless you are a licensed breeder, no good reason exists to keep a dog intact.
When Should A Dog Undergo This Procedure?
One of the biggest benefits of spaying a female dog is the prevention of breast cancer. Unaltered Female dogs have a risk for breast cancer that is 200 times greater than dogs spayed before the first heat. Female dogs who have the surgery after their first heat cycle are 10 times less likely to get breast cancer than unaltered females.
To achieve this benefit, veterinarians usually recommend the surgery to female dogs that have not had their first heat, which can occur between 6 and 24 months of age depending on the breed (it tends to occur later in larger breeds).
In male dogs, neutering eliminates the risk of testicular cancer and decreases the incidence of prostate disease. Vets usually recommend neutering male dogs between the 4 and 12 months of age.
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Will My Dog’s Personality Change?
Neutered male dogs usually behave better after being neutered. When you spay your female dog, you will avoid heat cycles that can attract males to the house and cause trouble around the neighborhood. Also, a neutered male will not urinate around the house to mark his territory, and he will have less desire to roam. The surgical procedure will also reduce aggressive behaviors in males.
Will My Dog Be In Pain At All During The Process?
Spay and Neuter are surgical procedures, which will cause pain. However, the pain medication given after surgery keeps them very comfortable. As with any surgery, there are risks related to the anesthetic procedure; your veterinarian will explain these risks to you before the surgery.
Benefits of Spay or Neuter
Consider Spay or Neuter for your dog as it can save you money on your veterinary bills because it reduces the risk of various disease (e.g. prostate and breast cancer).
This is the best way to prevent pet overpopulation. Stray dogs are euthanized or die on the streets by the millions each year, according to the ASPCA. Unless you plan on taking care of a litter, spaying or neutering your dog is the best option.
One of the most remarkable benefits of spay and neuter is preventing certain health issues. This surgical procedure can prolong your dog’s life because it reduces the risk of uterine infections, mammary gland cancer, prostatic diseases, and eliminates the risk of ovarian and testicular cancer.
Potential Risk Of Early Spay Or Neuter
Recent research has shown that spaying or neutering is not as safe as once believed; while it reduces the risk of some cancers and medical conditions, it increases the risk of others—AVMA says.
A study conducted at the University of California Davis in 2013, showed that the risk of development of hip dysplasia doubles in dogs neutered or spayed before the age of 12 months.
A study published in the PLoS One Journal in 2013, showed that dogs who undergo the neuter or spay surgery before sexual maturity are prone to developing “cranial cruciate ligament” and “lymphoma”. Early neutering or spaying may be related to an increased incidence of certain types of cancer.
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